Make your own free website on Tripod.com

Webelos
GEOLOGIST ACTIVITY BADGE

GEOLOGIST REQUIREMENTS

 OBJECTIVES

To teach boys to recognize common rock specimens. To acquaint boys with uses of different rocks and minerals. To make boys aware of the earth and its resources. To introduce boys to earth's devastating forces.

RELATED SCOUT MERIT BADGES

      • Environmental Science, 
      • General Science, 
      • Geology, 
      • Nature.

RESOURCES

  • Boy Scout Field Book.
  • Webelos Den Activities, pp. 45-59.
  • Zim, Herbert S. and Paul Shaffer. Golden Nature Guide: Rocks and Minerals.
  • Alt and Hyndman. Roadside Geology of Oregon.
  • Local lapidary clubs.
  • U.S. Geological Survey.
  • Local rock shops.
  • Cascades Volcano Observatory
  • Neil's Geology for Kids

WHERE TO GO; WHAT TO DO

  • Caves.
  • Zoo
  • A contractor tells about construction materials.
  • Make a rock collection.
  • Make your own fossils.
  • Construct a geyser to see how it works.
  • Under the supervision of a knowledgeable cautious adult, have the den build a "live" volcano.

 

CARBON MINERALS

  MINERAL  LOCATION USES
Graphite Korea  pencil lead, lubricants (derby car axles!)
Coal  USA, South Africa, China,
England, Australia
heaters, cooking, foil pack cooking
Diamond  India, Africa, Arkansas jewelry, saw blades, abrasives
Petroleum  Russia, USA, Persian Gulf, Venezuela, Indonesia natural gas for heating and engines, oil for fuels, lubricant, plastic, toys

 

METALS/ORE

MINERAL LOCATION USES ALLOYS
Iron
hematite
magnetite
USA (Great Lakes), Cuba, W Europe, S Africa, Chile,
Brazil, India
stainless utensils, steel, screws, bridges, beams for buildings, autos steel = iron + a little carbon
Cast iron = iron + lots of carbon
Copper
azurite
chalcopyrite
malachite
Canada, USA Rockies,
Argentina, Chile, Peru,  Rhodesia, Japan, Congo, Scandinavia
pennies, electrical
wire, pipes
brass = copper + zinc
Tin
cassiterite 
bronze
Malaya, Indonesia, Bolivia, China  cans for food, statues bronze = tin + copper
Zinc
sphalerite 
British Columbia, USA,
Germany, Belgium,
France, Poland
brass doorknobs,
coating for iron
galvanized iron = zinc + iron
Gold
hematite 
USA (Alaska, Rockies,
California), South Africa
jewelry, coins, electronics  copper, silver, nickel added for hardening
Silver  Mexico jewelry, dinnerware,
coins, photographic
chemicals, solders
copper added for
hardening
Platinum Ural Mountains  jewelry iridium and ruthenium for hardening

MOUNTAINS

Here are some sample questions to get your discussion underway

What are all mountains made of?
Rocks

How do mountains differ?
Show them pictures of the Himalayas, the Rockies, and the Appalachians. Explain that some mountains are very steep with jagged cliffs and high peaks, while others look more like low, tree covered hills.

What's the difference between a mountain and a mountain range?
Explain that sometimes a mountain, such as a large volcano, may stand alone. But most mountains form clusters, with many grouped very close together. These mountains form a mountain range.

Do mountain ranges exist underwater?
Yes, some of the longest mountain ranges in the world are beneath the oceans. Some of the peaks in these ranges, which are usually volcanic peaks, stick up through the surface, forming islands.

What is the highest continental mountain in the world?
Mt. Everest, in Tibet and Nepal. It is 29,028 feet high.

What is the tallest oceanic mountain in the world?
Mauna Kea, on the island of Hawaii. It rises 33,476 feet off the ocean floor.

How does the temperature change when you climb a mountain?
It gets colder as you get higher. That is one of the reasons different kinds of plants and animals live in different places on a mountain.

How does the temperature affect the types of plants that grow on a mountain?
Near the bottom of a mountain where the air is warmer, there are many plants and some of them are very tall. As you get higher and the temperature gets colder, there are fewer plants and most are short and stubby. At the very top of a high mountain, it is too cold for most plants, including trees, to grow. On the tops of high mountains, you'll find either bare rock or rock covered with ice and snow.

Can you name some animals that live on mountains?
Mountain sheep, mountain goats, giant pandas, picas, mountain quail, snow leopards, etc. Explain that some of these animals have special adaptations for mountain life.

Where do mountains exist today?
Point out major mountain ranges on a map of the world.