GEOLOGIST ACTIVITY BADGE
To teach boys to recognize common rock specimens.
To acquaint boys with uses of different rocks and minerals. To make boys
aware of the earth and its resources. To introduce boys to earth's devastating
SCOUT MERIT BADGES
Boy Scout Field Book.
Webelos Den Activities, pp. 45-59.
Zim, Herbert S. and Paul Shaffer. Golden Nature
Guide: Rocks and Minerals.
Alt and Hyndman. Roadside Geology of Oregon.
Local lapidary clubs.
U.S. Geological Survey.
Local rock shops.
Geology for Kids
TO GO; WHAT TO DO
A contractor tells about construction materials.
Make a rock collection.
Make your own fossils.
Construct a geyser to see how it works.
Under the supervision of a knowledgeable cautious
adult, have the den build a "live" volcano.
||pencil lead, lubricants (derby car axles!)
||USA, South Africa, China,
|heaters, cooking, foil pack cooking
||India, Africa, Arkansas
||jewelry, saw blades, abrasives
||Russia, USA, Persian Gulf, Venezuela, Indonesia
||natural gas for heating and engines, oil for
fuels, lubricant, plastic, toys
|USA (Great Lakes), Cuba, W Europe, S Africa,
|stainless utensils, steel, screws, bridges,
beams for buildings, autos
||steel = iron + a little carbon
Cast iron = iron + lots of carbon
|Canada, USA Rockies,
Argentina, Chile, Peru, Rhodesia, Japan,
|brass = copper + zinc
|Malaya, Indonesia, Bolivia, China
|| cans for food, statues
||bronze = tin + copper
|British Columbia, USA,
coating for iron
|galvanized iron = zinc + iron
|USA (Alaska, Rockies,
California), South Africa
|jewelry, coins, electronics
||copper, silver, nickel added for hardening
|copper added for
||iridium and ruthenium for hardening
Here are some sample questions
to get your discussion underway
What are all
mountains made of?
How do mountains
Show them pictures of the Himalayas,
the Rockies, and the Appalachians. Explain that some mountains are very
steep with jagged cliffs and high peaks, while others look more like low,
tree covered hills.
What's the difference
between a mountain and a mountain range?
Explain that sometimes a mountain,
such as a large volcano, may stand alone. But most mountains form clusters,
with many grouped very close together. These mountains form a mountain
ranges exist underwater?
Yes, some of the longest mountain
ranges in the world are beneath the oceans. Some of the peaks in these
ranges, which are usually volcanic peaks, stick up through the surface,
What is the
highest continental mountain in the world?
Mt. Everest, in Tibet and Nepal.
It is 29,028 feet high.
What is the
tallest oceanic mountain in the world?
Mauna Kea, on the island of Hawaii.
It rises 33,476 feet off the ocean floor.
How does the
temperature change when you climb a mountain?
It gets colder as you get higher.
That is one of the reasons different kinds of plants and animals live in
different places on a mountain.
How does the
temperature affect the types of plants that grow on a mountain?
Near the bottom of a mountain where
the air is warmer, there are many plants and some of them are very tall.
As you get higher and the temperature gets colder, there are fewer plants
and most are short and stubby. At the very top of a high mountain, it is
too cold for most plants, including trees, to grow. On the tops of high
mountains, you'll find either bare rock or rock covered with ice and snow.
Can you name
some animals that live on mountains?
Mountain sheep, mountain goats, giant
pandas, picas, mountain quail, snow leopards, etc. Explain that some of
these animals have special adaptations for mountain life.
Where do mountains
Point out major mountain ranges on
a map of the world.